Gynaecology is the medical branch that deals with treatment and diagnosis of women’s diseases and conditions mainly with the reproductive organs. Obstetrics is all about a certain phase in women’s life, all about planning a family, getting pregnant, childbirth and post-delivery. Mostly, both of these are combined and known as (OB-GYN) obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Gynaecologist is a specialist doctor who takes care of reproductive health in women from the first period to post-menopause. They are experienced to deal with the conditions affecting reproductive systems like vagina, fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus and cervix.
On the other hand, an obstetrician is the specialist for taking care of women throughout pre conception, childbirth, pregnancy and post-delivery.
Screening Tests- This will check if you are at risk for STDs like gonorrhea or Chlamydia. Sometimes, mammograms are also included.
Screening for Cervical Cancer- It includes Pap test and HPV test for determining if you have cancerous cells or HPV.
Screening for Sexually Transmitted Infections- This test will check whether you are prone to any STD or already developed one.
Assessment of Fertility- It checks the fertility rate in a woman when you are planning for a baby.
Diagnostic Procedures- Sometimes extensive diagnostic procedures help in detection of various conditions and diseases.
Biopsy- It is mainly done during colposcopy to look for the presence of cancerous cells.
Colposcopy- You may need it if the Pap result is abnormal.
Dilation and Curettage- D and C is helpful in women with partial or incomplete miscarriage.
During the first visit, the Gynaecologist will speak to you regarding your body, development and sex life. They will give you advice on how to remain healthy. You may need to perform certain screenings, exams and take vaccinations.
In India, a majority of women population suffers from the following gynecological issues:
Visit and consult a Gynecologist if you are suffering from any Gynecological complications!