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Hepatitis A & B


Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B are two types of viral hepatitis, a liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV) and the hepatitis B virus (HBV), respectively. Both types of hepatitis can cause acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) infections.

Hepatitis A is a highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus. It is usually transmitted through contaminated food or water, or through close contact with an infected person. Symptoms of hepatitis A infection include fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes). Most people with hepatitis A recover completely, but the disease can be severe or even fatal in some cases, particularly in older adults or people with pre-existing liver disease.

Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. It is transmitted through contact with blood or other body fluids of an infected person, such as through sexual contact, sharing needles, or from an infected mother to her newborn during childbirth. Symptoms of hepatitis B infection may not appear for several weeks or months after exposure and may include fatigue, abdominal pain, and jaundice. In some cases, hepatitis B can lead to chronic infection and serious health problems, including liver failure and liver cancer. However, hepatitis B can be prevented with a vaccine, which is effective at preventing infection.


Hepatitis A:

Hepatitis B:


Risk factors

Risk factors for hepatitis A include:

Risk factors for hepatitis B include:


Complications of hepatitis A can include:

Complications of hepatitis B can include:

How to diagnose

Diagnosis of hepatitis A and B typically involves a blood test to detect the presence of the virus. Other tests that may be done include:

If you think you may have been exposed to the hepatitis A or B virus, it's important to see a healthcare provider as soon as possible for evaluation and testing. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and reduce the risk of spreading the virus to others.

How to prevent it?

Hepatitis A:

 Hepatitis B:

When do you need to see a doctor?

It's important to see a doctor if you think you may have been exposed to the hepatitis A or B virus or if you have symptoms of either condition. Symptoms of hepatitis A and B can include:


Both hepatitis A and B can be cured with proper medical treatment. Treatment for hepatitis A typically involves rest and supportive care, while treatment for hepatitis B may involve antiviral medications.

It is highly unlikely that you would contract hepatitis A or B from a toilet seat. These viruses are typically transmitted through contaminated food or water or through close personal contact with an infected individual.

No, hepatitis A and B are not transmitted through mosquito bites. These viruses are primarily transmitted through contaminated food or water, or through exposure to infected blood or other body fluids.

It is possible to contract hepatitis A from sharing a drinking glass with an infected individual if the glass is contaminated with the virus. Hepatitis B, on the other hand, is primarily transmitted through exposure to infected blood, semen, vaginal secretions, or saliva, and is not typically transmitted through casual contact such as sharing a drinking glass.

Both hepatitis A and B are contagious and can be spread from person to person. It's important to take steps to protect yourself and others from these viruses, such as washing your hands frequently and avoiding close personal contact with infected individuals. Vaccines are also available to help prevent these infections.

Visit a doctor when you are suffering from Hepatitis!