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Atopic Dermatitis


Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a chronic skin condition that causes itchy, red, and inflamed skin. It is a common condition, especially in children, and often improves with age. Atopic dermatitis is not contagious and is not caused by an allergy to a specific substance. It is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The condition is often treated with moisturizers, corticosteroid creams, and other medications. In severe cases, phototherapy or immunosuppressive medications may be necessary.


  • Here are some common symptoms of atopic dermatitis:
  • Itching, which can be severe
  • Dry, red skin
  • Cracks or bumps on the skin
  • Thickened or scaly skin
  • Dark patches of skin
  • Raw or sensitive skin from scratching
  • Swelling of the skin


  • An inherited tendency to develop allergies (atopy)
  • A deficiency in the skin's barrier function, which allows moisture to escape and irritants to enter the skin
  • An abnormal immune system response to certain substances
  • Exposure to certain substances or environments that irritate the skin or cause allergies (such as detergents, soaps, and perfumes)
  • Hormonal changes, which can affect the skin's barrier function
  • Infections, which can trigger or worsen atopic dermatitis

Risk factors

Here are some risk factors that may increase the likelihood of developing atopic dermatitis:

  • A family history of atopic dermatitis, asthma, or hay fever
  • A personal history of allergies or asthma
  • Having certain genetic markers that are associated with atopic dermatitis
  • Being a baby or young child
  • Being a woman (atopic dermatitis is more common in women than men)
  • Living in a urban or industrialized area
  • Having a compromised immune system (such as from HIV infection or cancer treatment)


Atopic dermatitis is a chronic condition that can cause various complications, including:

How to diagnose

Atopic dermatitis is typically diagnosed based on the appearance and location of the rash, as well as the patient's medical history and symptoms. There is no specific test for atopic dermatitis, so the diagnosis is often made based on the following factors:

How to prevent

When you need to see a doctor

It is a good idea to see a healthcare provider if you think you or your child may have atopic dermatitis or if the condition is not responding to self-care measures. Here are some specific situations in which you should consider seeking medical attention:


No, atopic dermatitis is not contagious. It is a chronic skin condition that is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

There is no known cure for atopic dermatitis, but it is a treatable condition. With proper treatment and self-care measures, it is possible to manage the symptoms and prevent flare-ups..

Yes, atopic dermatitis and eczema are the same condition. Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition that causes itchy, red, and inflamed skin, and it is often referred to as eczema.

Visit a doctor when you are suffering from skin problems!