Microscopic colitis is a group of inflammatory bowel diseases that affect the large intestine (colon) and cause diarrhea. It is called "microscopic" because the inflammation can only be seen under a microscope. There are two types of microscopic colitis: collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis.
Symptoms of microscopic colitis include chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating, and weight loss. The condition is typically diagnosed with a colonoscopy or biopsy. It can be treated with medications, such as anti-inflammatory drugs and immunosuppressants, and by making lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and avoiding triggers that can worsen symptoms.
The exact cause of microscopic colitis is unknown, but some factors that may contribute to the development of the condition include:
There is no sure way to prevent microscopic colitis, as the exact cause of the condition is not fully understood. However, there are some steps that may help reduce the risk of developing the condition:
It is important to see a doctor if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms:
No, microscopic colitis is a separate condition from IBS. Microscopic colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation in the colon, while IBS is a disorder that affects the large intestine but does not cause inflammation.
There is no known cure for microscopic colitis, but the condition can often be managed with medications and lifestyle changes. It is important to work with a healthcare provider to develop a treatment plan that is tailored to an individual's specific needs and symptoms.
Untreated microscopic colitis can lead to complications such as malnutrition, dehydration, and anemia. It is important to seek medical treatment for microscopic colitis to help prevent these complications.
Eating a healthy diet and avoiding triggers that can worsen symptoms may help manage microscopic colitis. It is important to work with a healthcare provider and a registered dietitian to develop a diet and lifestyle plan that is tailored to an individual's specific needs and symptoms.
Visit a doctor when you are suffering from microscopic colitis!